Prepositional Verbs (Definition and Examples)

Prepositional Verbs (Definition and Examples)

It is always a pleasure to have you on Akademia. Here, I shall discuss another interesting concept that is usually associated with the preposition. You can take time to go through the post on Preposition if you have not. Before I explain Prepositional Verbs (Definition and Examples), I would like to quickly let you know that two concepts are important here: preposition and verb. Check the post on verb for all you need to know about this important member of the Parts of Speech family.

Definition of a Prepositional Verb

Now let us see what prepositional verb is. A prepositional verb is a verb that forms a combination with a preposition without yielding a different meaning other than what is obvious. If you read the definition between the lines, you will deduce that it is possible that, in some instances, the combination of a verb with a preposition will yield another meaning. You are right! When this happens, we cannot say we have a prepositional verb but a Phrasal Verb. I have put up an interesting post on Phrasal Verbs. Do check it out.

Like I said, prepositional verbs are not exactly the same as phrasal verbs. In the case of Phrasal Verbs, their meanings cannot be arrived at by the individual meanings of the verbs and prepositions put together. Look at these two examples:

  • We ran over the bridge.
  • The careless driver ran over the poor dog.

The underlined words in the first example typify a prepositional verb. It means “we crossed the bridge by running over it.” But when you look at the second example, it is not a prepositional verb but a phrasal verb which means “knocked down and passed over”. Now, let us now consider examples of Prepositional Verbs.

Examples of Prepositional Verbs

The following sentences, the underlined words especially, show examples of prepositional verbs.

  1. She applied for a loan.
  2. Nobody has commented on the election results.
  3. The Chair hinted at other ways of raising funds.
  4. I wish to apply for a foreign scholarship.
  5. Nobody should comment on the incident.
  6. The man added to the cost of the materials.
  7. We should allow for some delays in the conduct of the examination.
  8. The debt amounted to several thousands.
  9. Your father would not approve of your rash decision.
  10. Her husband needs to attend to the matter urgently.
  11. Jane cares for her brother dearly.
  12. The students competed with themselves for the prize.
  13. Everybody must consent to the new standard.
  14. The professor enlarged on the topic afresh.
  15. We objected to her rash decision.
  16. Civil servants always hope for improvements in their work conditions.
  17. Many people live on meagre incomes.
  18. She cannot part with any of her materials.
  19. Let us refer to the dictionary.
  20. The students resorted to violence due to lack of electricity.
  21. The president planned to run for another term in office.
  22. Her father does not approve of her relationship with the man.
  23. The doctor attended to the patient.
  24. She shouted for help immediately.
  25. My teacher expatiated on the grey areas of the course.

Prepositional Object

Definition of Prepositional Object

This post will not be complete without touching on another prepositional concept that is known as Prepositional Object. On the surface, a prepositional object comprises words that follow the preposition in a prepositional verb. These words have a name they are called and that is Noun Phrase. A noun phrase, in this regard, could have a modifier (pre-modifier) or a qualifier (post-modifier); but a head, that is a noun, is essential. So, we sometimes refer to the noun phrase following a prepositional verb as a prepositional object.

Examples of Prepositional Object

Using the 25 examples above, let us look at the underlined prepositional objects in each of them:

  1. She applied for a loan.
  2. Nobody has commented on the election results.
  3. The Chair hinted at other ways of raising funds.
  4. I wish to apply for a foreign scholarship.
  5. Nobody should comment on the incident.
  6. The man added to the cost of the materials.
  7. We should allow for some delays in the conduct of the examination.
  8. The debt amounted to several thousands.
  9. Your father would not approve of your rash decision.
  10. Her husband needs to attend to the matter urgently.
  11. Jane cares for her brother dearly.
  12. The students competed with themselves for the prize.
  13. Everybody must consent to the new standard.
  14. The professor enlarged on the topic afresh.
  15. We objected to her rash decision.
  16. Civil servants always hope for improvements in their work conditions.
  17. Many people live on meagre incomes.
  18. She cannot part with any of her materials.
  19. Let us refer to the dictionary.
  20. The students resorted to violence due to lack of electricity.
  21. The president planned to run for another term in office.
  22. Her father does not approve of her relationship with the man.
  23. The doctor attended to the patient.
  24. She shouted for help immediately.
  25. My teacher expatiated on the grey areas of the course.

Quiz

Can you identify the noun heads in each of the sentences above? Let me tell you the first five:

  1. Loan
  2. Results
  3. Ways
  4. Scholarship
  5. Incident

Now try to locate the remaining twenty! Kudos if you got all!

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