Types of Phobias (with List and Meanings)

Types of Phobias (with List and Meanings)

Have you met people, at one time or another, who claim or assert that they are not afraid of anybody and you have come to know that truly, they are fearless people! Good! But permit me to let you know that these same people have surreptitious fears clawing at them from inside. Types of Phobias (with List and Meanings) will certainly confirm to you that my observation is true!

Types of Phobias (with List and Meanings)

Mind you too, I am sure there are things you are (secretly) afraid of with all your brain and brawn! Do well to check out your phobia and share this post with your friends and circle of influence globally for them to check out if they have any phobias too. Maybe you can then begin a quest to confronting your own phobias!

Etymology of Phobias

Do well to note that most words that appear grandiloquent can be broken down into smaller bits for easy understanding. Study the etymology of these ‘phobic’ words and you will easily arrive at their meanings. For instance, the prefix, ‘odonto–’ has to do with ‘teeth’ or ‘dentition’. So we have words like: odontiasis, odontalgia, odontocete, odontology, etc. So as you go through these phobias, ensure you take note of their etymology to widen your knowledge base!

What is Phobia?

Encarta Dictionary describes phobia thus: ‘an intense and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or activity. It is also an irrational or very powerful fear and dislike of something such as spiders or confined spaces. It is from the Greek word, ‘phobos’ which means ‘fear’.   

Types of Phobia

Psychiatrists recognize three major types of phobias.

  • Simple phobias
  • Agoraphobia
  • Social phobias

Simple Phobias

Fears of specific objects or situations such as animals, closed spaces, and heights. This may begin in childhood and continue till adulthood.

Agoraphobia

Fear of open, public places and situations (such as public vehicles and crowded shopping centres) from which escape is difficult; agoraphobics tend to avoid more situations until eventually, they become housebound. This usually begins in late adolescence.

Social Phobias

Fears of appearing stupid or shameful in social situations. This is also associated with adolescence.

Types of Phobias (with List and Meanings)

The list of phobias in this post has been arranged in five sub-divisions for easy reading. See the list below…                               

Types of Phobias (List & Meanings) 1

  • Abandonment – athagoraphobia
  • Accident – dystychiphobia
  • Anger – angrophobia
  • Animals – zoophobia
  • Ants – myrmecophobia
  • Asymmetry – asymmetriphobia
  • Bathing – ablutophobia
  • Beards – pogonophobia
  • Bees – apiphobia
  • Being buried alive – taphephobia
  • Fear of Being seen – ophthalmophobia
  • Being stared at – scopophobia
  • Birds – ornithophobia
  • Black – melanophobia
  • Blood – haemophobia/hematophobia
  • Blushing – erythrophobia
  • Books – bibliophobia
  • Bridges – gephyrophobia
  • Buried alive – taphophobia
  • Butterflies/moths – mottephobia
  • Cancer – cancerphobia/carcinophobia
  • Car journeys/Cars/Driving – amaxophobia
  • Cats – ailurophobia
  • Cemeteries – coimetophobia/kosmikophobia
  • Ceremony – teleophobia
  • Chickens/poultry – alektorophobia
  • Childbirth – lokiophobia
  • Children – pedophobia
  • Chocolate – socolatophobia
  • Choking – anginophobia/pnigophobia
  • Churches – ecclesiophobia
  • Clothing – vestiphobia
  • Clowns – coulrophobia
  • Cold – psychrophobia
  • Computers – cyberophobia
  • Constipation – coprastastasophobia
  • Contamination and germs – Mysophobia (also verminophobia, germophobia, germaphobia, bacillophobia and bacteriophobia). The term was coined by William A. Hammond in 1879 when describing a case of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exhibited in repeatedly washing one’s hands.

Types of Phobias (List & Meanings) 2

  • Cooking – mageirocophobia
  • Corpses/death – necrophobia
  • Crawling Insects – entomophobia
  • Criticism – allodoxaphobia
  • Crossing Streets – dromophobia
  • Crossing Bridges – gephyrophobia
  • Crowds – demophobia/agoraphobia/ochlophobia
  • Dark – nyctphobia
  • Death – thanatophobia
  • Defeat – kakorrhaphiophobia
  • Deformity – dysmorphophobia
  • Dentists/Dental treatment – dentophobia
  • Depths – bathophobia
  • Dining out/Dinner parties – deipnophobia
  • Dirt – mysophobia
  • Doctors – iatrophobia
  • Dogs – cynophobia
  • Dolls – pediophobia
  • Dreams – oneirophobia
  • Drinking – dipsophobia
  • Dirt – amathophobia
  • Eating – phagophobia
  • Eight – octophobia
  • Enclosed spaces/Confinement – claustrophobia
  • Eyes – ommetaphobia
  • Faeces – coprophobia
  • Failure – kakorrhaphiophobia
  • Falling – basiphobia
  • Falsehood – mythophobia
  • Feathers – pteronophobia
  • Fire – pyrophobia
  • Fish – ichthyophobia
  • Flood – antlophobia
  • Flowers – anthophobia
  • Flying – aerophobia
  • Forgetting – athazagoraphobia
  • Friday – paraskavedekatriaphobia
  • Frogs/Amphibians – ranidaphobia/ Batrachophobia
  • Garlic – alliumphobia
  • Ghosts – phantasmophobia/phasmophobia
  • Glass – hyalophobia
  • Going out alone – isolophobia
  • Going to bed – clinophobia
  • Hair – chaetophobia/trichophobia
  • Heat – thermophobia
  • Heights – illyngophobia/acrophobia
  • Hell – hadephobia
  • Homosexuality – homophobia
  • Horses – equinophobia

Types of Phobias (List & Meanings) 3

  • Hospitals – nosocomephobia
  • Ice & Frost – pagophobia
  • Illness – nosophobia
  • Immobility of a joint – anleylophobia
  • Imperfection – atelophobia
  • Injections – trypanophobia
  • Insanity – dementophobia
  • Insects – entomophobia
  • Isolation – isolophobia
  • Kissing or Being Kissed – philemaphobia
  • Knees – genuphobia
  • Knives/Sharp objects – aichmophobia
  • Lakes – limnophobia
  • Laughter – geliophobia
  • Lice – pediculophobia
  • Liquids – hygrophobia
  • Loneliness/Being alone – autophobia
  • Long words – Sequipedalophobia
  • Love/Being loved – philophobia
  • Maggots – scoleciphobia
  • Marriage – gamophobia
  • Meat – carnophobia
  • Medicines – pharmacophobia
  • Men – androphobia
  • Menstruation – menophobia
  • Mice – musophobia
  • Mirrors and seeing oneself reflected – catoptrophobia
  • Money – chrematophobia
  • Monophobia – being alone
  • Monsters – teratophobia
  • Mushrooms and Fungi – mycophobia
  • Music – melophobia
  • Narrow objects and places – anginophobia
  • Needles and pins – aichmophobia
  • Newspapers – graphophobia
  • Noise – phonophobia
  • Nosebleeds – epistaxiophobia
  • Nuclear weapons – nucleomituphobia
  • Nudity – gymnophobia/nudophobia
  • Numerophobia – numbers
  • Nyctophobia – darkness/night

Types of Phobias (List & Meanings) 4

  • Numbers in general – arithmophobia
  • Obesity – obesophobia
  • Odours – olfactophobia
  • Old age and growing old – gerascophobia
  • Old people – gerontophobia
  • Open spaces/Public places – agoraphobia
  • Opposite sex – heterophobia
  • Otters – lutraphobia
  • Pain – algophobia
  • Parasites – parasitophobia
  • Penis – ichthyphallophobia
  • People or society – anthropophobia/sociophobia
  • Phobia – phobophobia
  • Plants – batonophobia
  • Pleasurable feelings – hedonophobia
  • Pointed/Sharp objects – aichmophobia
  • Poison – toxicophobia
  • Politicians – politicophobia
  • Poverty – peniaphobia
  • Precipicies – cremnophobia
  • Pregnancy/Childbirth – tocophobia
  • Priests – hierophobia
  • Public speaking – glossophobia
  • Rabies/Dogs – cynophobia
  • Radiation – radiophobia
  • Rain – ombrophobia
  • Rape – virginitiphobia
  • Rats – zemmiphobia
  • Red – ereuthophobia
  • Responsibility – hypegiaphobia
  • Reptiles – herpetophobia
  • Ridicule – catagelophobia
  • School – didaskaleinophobia
  • Sea – thalassophobia
  • Sermons – homilophobia
  • Sexual intercourse – coitophobia
  • Sexual matters – erotophobia
  • Sex – genophobia
  • Shadows – sciaphobia
  • Sharks – galeophobia
  • Shellfish – ostraconophobia
  • Sin – committing sin – enissophobia
  • Single – being single – anuptaphobia
  • Strangers – Xenophobia
  • String – linonophobia

Types of Phobias (List & Meanings) 5

  • Sleep – somniphobia
  • Slime – Blennophobia
  • Smothering – pnigerophobia
  • Snakes – ophidiophobia
  • Snow – chionophobia
  • Solitude – autophobia
  • Sourness – acerophobia
  • Spiders – arachnophobia
  • Stings – cnidophobia
  • Storm – ceraunophobia
  • Stuttering – psellismophobia
  • Sunlight – heliophobia
  • Symmetry – symmetrophobia
  • Technology – technophobia
  • Teeth/Dental treatment – odontophobia
  • Telephone – telephonophobia
  • Termites – isopterophobia
  • Thirteen – triskaidekaphobia
  • Thunder/Lightning – astraphobia/Brontophobia
  • Tombs/Tombstones – placophobia
  • Touch (Being touched) – haptephobia
  • Trains – siderodromophobia
  • Trees – dendrophobia
  • Ugliness – cacophobia
  • Undressing – dishabilliophobia
  • Untidiness – ataxophobia
  • Urine and Urination – urophobia
  • Vaccination – vaccinophobia
  • Vegetables – lachanophobia
  • Voids – kenophobia
  • Vomiting – emetophobia
  • Walking – ambulophobia
  • Wasps – spheksophobia
  • Water – hydrophobia/ aquaphobia
  • Weight gain – obesophobia
  • White – leukophobia
  • Wild animals – agrizoophobia
  • Wine – oenophobia
  • Women – gynaecophobia
  • Work – ergophobia
  • Worm – scoleciphobia
  • Wrinkles – rhytiphobia

In Conclusion…

We have seen a long list of different types of intense and persistent fear of a specific objects, situations or activities which we call Phobias. Psychiatrists also call them Phobic anxieties characterized by physiological symptoms such as a rapid, pounding heartbeat, stomach disorders, nausea, diarrhoea, frequent urination, choking feelings, flushing of the face, perspiration, tremulousness, faintness and many other symptoms.

A phobic person often leads a constricted life. Phobic anxiety is distinguishable from other forms of anxiety only in that it occurs specifically in relation to a certain object or situation. This anxiety is naturally exaggerated compared to the real situation. The phobic individuals know that the fear they entertain is purely irrational and sometimes ridiculous.

What Do You Fear?

Tallulah Bankhead, a U. S. actor said: ‘I have three phobias which, could I mute them, would make my life as slick as a sonnet, but as dull as ditch water: I hate to go to bed, I hate to get up, and I hate to be alone.’ In his own submission, Michel de Montaigne, the French essayist, submits: ‘A man who fears suffering is already suffering from what he fears.’ So what do you fear? Genuine Christians profess that they have no fear of anything on the basis of these two Scriptures:

For [the Spirit which] you have now received [is] not a spirit of slavery to put you once more in bondage to fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption [the Spirit producing sonship] in [the bliss of] which we cry, Abba (Father)! Father! (Rom. 8:15 AMP)

For God did not give us a spirit of timidity (of cowardice, of craven and cringing and fawning fear), but [He has given us a spirit] of power and of love and of calm and well-balanced mind and discipline and self-control. (2 Tim. 1:7 AMP)

Reference

Microsoft Corporation (2008) Phobia. Microsoft Encarta 2009 [DVD] Redmond: WA

 

3 Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *