Parts of Speech

All Parts of Speech and Their Examples

Hello dear reader, I want to intimate you with one of the basic rudiments of the English Language: Parts of Speech. We also refer to them as Word Classes. They categorise or distribute every word that exists in the English Language into a grammatical family based on shared structural attributes or features; as words in the same class behave in the same way differently from words in another class.

You can watch the video teaching of the Parts of Speech on our YouTube Channel.

Introduction to Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech, also referred to as Word Class, belongs to the grammatical class of grammar. (Learn more about what Grammar is on this page.) There are nine (9) of them in all. They can further be subdivided into two major classes: the Open Class and the Closed Class.

Division of Parts of Speech

There are two major divisions of Parts of Speech and they are:

Open Class

Those in the Open Class are four (4) in number and they are:

  • Nouns

  • Verbs

  • Adverbs

  • Adjectives

For those in the Open Class, new members can still be added. For instance, we do not have an idea of the whole nouns that exist in English; so membership is limitless. This is also true for verbs, adverbs and adjectives whose membership is not limited or restricted.

Closed Class

The second category, the Closed Class, has five (5) membership and these include:

  • Pronouns

  • Prepositions

  • Conjunctions

  • Interjections

  • Articles

The Word Classes in the Closed Class are so called because new entrants/words cannot be added to them. In other words, membership to any of them is highly restricted. In other words, the total number of all the pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, articles and interjections in the English Language are already determined. Nobody can add to them again unlike the Parts of Speech in the Open Class.

Let us examine each of the nine (9) Parts of Speech we have in English…


Read more extensively on Everything about Nouns.


To read more extensively on verbs, see All You Need to Know about Verbs


Click here: Pronouns in English to read more.


Read more on Adverbs


See all you need to know about Adjectives


Read more here: on Prepositions


Read more here: on Conjunctions


Read more here: on Interjections


Read more here: on Articles


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