Description of Weights and Units of Measurements in English

Description of Weights and Units of Measurements in English

Hello my dear reader, are you aware of the different ways we calculate weights and measures in English? Many times, you seem at a loss when you try imagining what a cubic foot is or what 100 pounds is. Not to worry, I have put together a description of weights and measures in English together just for you. Do share with your friends to educate them on the Description of Weights and Units of Measurements in English.

 Description of Weights and Units of Measurements in English

There are different classifications of the Description of Weights and Measures in English. We will look at them from the angles of the English system and the Metric system. Let us start with the English system…

The English System

The English System of Weights and Measures comprises the following classifications of measurements:

Linear Measure

Linear measure involves the following:

  • 12 inches                     = 1 foot
  • 3 feet                           = 1 yard
  • 51/2 yards                    = 1 rod
  • 40 rods                        = 1 furlong
  • 8 furlongs (5280 feet) = 1 statute mile

Mariners’ Measure

For Mariners’ measure, we have the following:

  • 6 feet                           = 1 fathom
  • 1000 fathom (approx.) = 1 nautical mile
  • 3 nautical miles            = 1 league

Square Measure

  • 144 square inches  = 1 square foot
  • 9 square feet          = 1 square yard
  • 301/4 square yards = 1 square rod
  • 160 square rods     = 1 acre
  • 640 acres                = 1 square mile

Cubic Measure

  • 1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot
  • 27 cubic feet         = 1 cubic yard

Surveyors’ Measure

  • 92 inches = 1 link
  • 100 links  = 1 chain

 Liquid Measure

  • 4 gills              = 1 pint
  • 2 pints             = 1 quart
  • 4 quarts           = 1 gallon
  • 311/2 gallons   = 1 barrel
  • 2 barrels          = 1 hogshead

 Apothecaries’ Fluid Measure

  • 60 minims           = 1 fluid dram
  • 8 fluid drams      = 1 fluid ounce
  • 16 fluid ounces   = 1 pint
  • 2 pints                 = 1 quart
  • 4 quarts               = 1 gallon

 Dry Measure

  • 2 pints           = 1 quart
  • 8 quarts         = 1 peck
  • 4 pecks          = 1 bushel

 Wood Measure

  • 16 cubic feet = 1 cord foot
  • 8 cord feet    = 1 cord

 Time Measure

  • 60 seconds                         = 1 minute
  • 60 minutes                         = 1 hour
  • 24 hours                             = 1 day
  • 7 days                                 = 1 week
  • 4 weeks (23 to 31 days)      = 1 month
  • 12 months (365-366 days) = 1 year
  • 100 years                            = 1 century

 Angular and Circular Measure

  • 60 seconds        = 1 minute
  • 60 minutes        = 1 degree
  • 90 degrees        = 1 right angle
  • 180 degree        = 1 straight angle
  • 360 degrees      = 1 circle

 Troy Weight

  • 24 grains                = 1 pennyweight
  • 20 pennyweights   = 1 ounce
  • 12 ounces              = 1 pound

Avoirdupois Weight

  • 2711/32 grains                 = 1 dram
  • I6 drams                          = 1 ounce
  • 16 ounces                        = 1 pound
  • 100 pounds                     = 1 short hundredweight
  • 20 short hundredweight = 1 short ton

 Apothecaries’ Weight

  • 20 grains      = 1 scruple
  • 3 scruples     = 1 dram
  • 8 drams        = 1 ounce
  • 12 ounces     = 1 pound




Metric System

The Metric System of Weights and Measures comprises the following classifications of measurements:

 Linear Measure

  • 10 millimetres   = 1 centimetre
  • 10 centimetres  = 1 decimetre
  • 10 decimetres   = 1 metre
  • 10 metres          = 1 decametre
  • 10 decametres  = 1 hectometre
  • 10 hectometres = 1 kilometre

Square Measure

  • 100 sq. millimetres   = 1 sq. centimetre
  • 100 sq. centimetres  = 1 sq. decimetre
  • 100 sq. decimetres   = 1 sq. metre
  • 100 sq. metres          = 1 sq. decametre
  • 100 sq. decametres  = 1 sq. hectometre
  • 100 sq. hectometres = 1 sq. kilometre

Cubic Measure

  • 1000 cu. millimetres  = 1 cu. centimetre
  • 1000 cu. centimetres = 1 cu. decimetre
  • 1000 cu. decimetres  = 1 cu. metre

 Liquid Measure

  • 10 millilitres    = 1 centilitre
  • 10 centilitres   = 1 decilitre
  • 10 decilitres    = 1 litre
  • 10 litres           = 1 decalitre
  • 10 decalitres   = 1 hectolitre
  • 10 hectolitres  = 1 kilolitre

 Weights

  • 10 milligrams    = 1 centigram
  • 10 centigrams   = 1 decigram
  • 10 decigrams    = 1 gram
  • 10 grams           = 1 decagram
  • 10 decagrams   = 1 hectogram
  • 10 hectograms  = 1 kilogram
  • 100 kilograms   = 1 quintal
  • 10 quintals        = 1 ton

Metric and English Equivalents

Having considered both the English system and Metric system of weights and measure, it is equally important to compare and contrast the two systems of measurements; that is, the English Unit of measurement and the Metric Unit of measurement. I have decided to put this in a tabular form for the purpose of clarity and easy identification. Here we go…

Linear Measure

English Unit Metric Unit
1 inch 25.4 millimetres
1 inch 2.54 centimetres
1 foot 30.48 centimetres
1 foot 3.048 decimetres
1 foot 0.3048 metre
1 yard 0.9144 metre
I mile 1609.3 metres
1 mile 1.6093 kilometres
0.03937 inch 1 millimetre
0.3937 inch 1 centimetre
3.937 inches 1 decimetre
39.37 inches 1 metre
3.2808 feet 1 metre
1.0936 yards 1 metre
3280.8 feet 1 kilometre
1093.6 yards 1 kilometre
0.62137 mile 1 kilometre

 

Liquid Measure

English Unit Metric Unit
1 fluid ounce 29.573 millilitres
1 quart 9.4635 decilitres
1 quart 0.94635 litres
1 gallon 3.7854 litres
0.033814 fluid ounce 1 millilitre
3.3814 fluid ounces 1 decilitre
33.814 fluid ounces 1 litre
1.0567 quarts 1 litre
0,26417 gallon 1 litre

 

Square Measure

English Unit Metric Unit
1 square inch 645.16 square millimetres
1 square inch 6.4516 square centimetres
1 square foot 929.03 square centimetres
1 square foot 9.2903 square decimetres
1 square foot 0.092903 square metre
1 square yard 0.83613 square metre
1 square mile 2.5900 square kilometres
0.0015500 square inch 1 square millimetre
0.15500 square inch 1 square centimetre
15.500 square inches 1 square decimetre
0.10764 square foot 1 square decimetre
1.1960 square yards 1 square metre
0.38608 square mile 1 square kilometre

 

 Cubic Measure

English Unit Metric Unit
1 cubic inch 16.387 cubic centimetres
1 cubic inch 0.016387 litre
1 cubic foot 0.028317 cubic metre
1 cubic yard 0.76455 cubic metre
1 cubic mile 4.16818 cubic kilometres
0.061023 cubic inch 1 cubic centimetre
61.023 cubic inches 1 cubic decimetre
35.315 cubic feet 1 cubic metre
1.3079 cubic yards 1 cubic metre
0.23990 cubic mile 1 cubic kilometre

 

 Dry Measure

English Unit Metric Unit
1 quart 1.1012 litres
1 peck 8.8098 litres
1 bushel 35.239 litres
0.90808 quart 1 litre
0.11351 peck 1 litre
0.028378 bushel 1 litre

 

 Weights

English Unit Metric Unit
1 grain 0.064799 gram
1 avoirdupois ounce 28.350 grams
1 troy ounce 31.103 grams
1 avoirdupois pound 0.45359 kilogram
1 troy pound 0.37324 kilogram
1 short ton (0.8929 long ton) 907.18 kilograms
1 short ton (0.8929 long ton) 0.990718 metric ton
1 long ton (1.1200 short tons) 1016.0 kilograms
1 long ton (1.1200 short tons) 1.0160 metric tons
15.432 grains 1 gram
0.035274 avoirdupois ounce 1 gram
0.032151 troy ounce 1 gram
2.2046 avoirdupois pounds 1 kilogram
0.98421 long ton 1 metric ton
1.1023 short tons 1 metric ton

 

Summary

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