Boohoo and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Boohoo and Rhyming Reduplications in English

This post, Boohoo and Rhyming Reduplications in English, is an interesting one in which you will learn about rhyming reduplications. Reduplications are a special class of words or expressions in which the ordering of the two conjuncts that formed them is rigidly fixed in normal speech.

Marge E. Landsberg in his article titled, Semantic Constraints on Phonological Independent Freezes posits: In English syntax, word order is not arbitrary but fixed or ‘frozen’; that is, governed by certain rigorous and recurrent rules, and hence predictable and generalizable. So, Freezes and Reduplications follow certain linguistic rules.

Types of Reduplications in English

There are generally three types of these special classes of words. They are:

I have dedicated separate posts to Ablaut Reduplications and Exact Reduplications which you can check out. The focus here is Rhyming Reduplications and they have been carefully explained with examples in this post titled Boohoo and Rhyming Reduplications in English.

Definition of Rhyming Reduplications

These types of reduplications have similarly ending lines. They end in similar sounding words thereby, forming a pattern. Examples of these include: hanky-panky, razzle-dazzle, super-duper, boogie-woogie, teeny-weeny, walkie-talkie, hoity-toity, ragtag, easy-peasy, hurdy-gurdy, etc. There are some that differ in the initial consonant cluster.

 

Boohoo and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Big-wig

(Noun) important person: an important person with considerable power or influence (slang)

Boo-hoo

(Noun, Interjection) loud weeping sound: used to represent the sound of noisy weeping; (intransitive verb) sob: to weep noisily.

Boogie-woogie

Noun: a style of blues played on the piano with a strong, fast beat.

The strident boogie of the title track jarred his mind.

(informal) a dance to pop or rock music.

Bow-wow

Exclamation: an imitation of a dog’s bark. A child’s word for a dog.

Butter-cutter

A cutting instrument consisting of a sharp blade fastened to a handle: a weapon or tool resembling a knife: a sharp cutting blade or tool in a machine.

Club-drug

A drug such as MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, Rohypnol, ketamine, methamphetamine, and LSD that is used by young adults at all-night dance parties such as “raves” or “trances,” dance clubs, and bars. Use of club drugs can cause serious health problems and, in some cases, death.

Coddy-moddy

Noun. (Zoology.) A gull in the plumage of its first year

Cook-book

Noun: a book containing recipes and other information about the preparation and cooking of food. a book of cooking directions and recipes; broadly: a book of detailed instructions. a book of recipes: a book of directions explaining how to prepare and cook various kinds of food called also (British) cookery book

Cop-shop

Noun: a police station

Curly-wurly

Adjective: informal twisting and curling.

 

Bow wow and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Dead-head

Noun: a faded flower head;

  • a boring or unenterprising person.

You’re just a deadhead.

  • a passenger or member of an audience with a free ticket.
  • a fan of the rock group the Grateful Dead.
  • a sunken or partially submerged log.

Most boating accidents begin small, as a disabled engine or a collision with a deadhead.

Verb: remove dead flower heads from (a plant).

Deadhead and spray rose bushes.

(of a commercial driver) complete a trip in a train or other vehicle with no passengers or cargo.

They deadhead back to Denver on eastbound trains”

Dos-à-dos

Adjective: (of two books) bound together with a shared central board and facing in opposite directions.

Noun: a seat or carriage in which the occupants sit back to back.

Double-trouble

A situation in which there is twice the number of problems that usually exist:

Having twins usually means double trouble for the parents.

Difficult situations and unpleasant experiences. a (heavy) cross to bear idiom.

Drip-tip

Noun: (plural drip tips) (botany) An elongated leaf tip from which excess water drips off, as found in plants of the rainforest.

Dry-fly

Noun: an artificial fishing fly which is made to float lightly on the water.

dry-fly fishing.

Dry-fry

Verb: fry (food) in a pan without fat or oil.

You should dry-fry the seeds.

Fa-la

Noun. (esp. in 16th-century songs) a refrain sung to the syllables fa-la-la.




Hanky-Panky and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Fair-hair

Adjective: A fair-haired little girl. The definition of fair-haired is having blond hair or being the favourite. An example of someone fair-haired is a teenager with blond hair.

Fal-lal

Noun: a fancy ornament especially in dress – fallalery play.

Fan-tan

Noun: a Chinese gambling game in which players try to guess the remainder after the banker has divided a number of hidden objects into four groups; a card game in which players build on sequences of sevens.

Fen-phen

The drug combination fenfluramine/phentermine, usually called fen-phen, was an anti-obesity treatment that utilized two anorectics.

Flibberty-gibberty

(flibbertigibbet) noun: a frivolous, flighty, or excessively talkative person. Late Middle English: probably imitative of idle chatter.

Float-boat

Whatever floats your boat means whatever works successfully for you, or whatever makes you happy. Usually the speaker uses this idiomatic expression when he isn’t really interested in your comment, opinion, selection, viewpoint etc.

Fog-dog

Noun. A bright or clear spot that appears in breaking fog. Origin of fogdog: from the fact that it accompanies fog as a dog accompanies its owner.

Fuddy-duddy

(Informal) noun: a person who is very old-fashioned and pompous.

He probably thinks I’m an old fuddy-duddy.

Synonyms: fogy, conservative, traditionalist, conformist; museum piece, fossil, dinosaur, troglodyte; informal stick-in-the-mud, square, stuffed shirt, back number, dodo; informal: sobersides

He called me an old fuddy-duddy.

Fuzzy-wuzzy

British: (informal) offensive. Noun: a black person, especially one with tightly curled hair. (Historical) a Sudanese soldier.

 

Helter-skelter and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Gang-bang

Noun: the successive rape of one person by a group of people; a sexual orgy involving changes of partner; an instance of violence involving members of a criminal gang. Verb: (of a group of people) rape (someone); the violent activities of a criminal gang.

Haber-dasher

One who sells tapes, pins and small articles of dress.

Haggledy-baggledy

The stupor of being on debauchery.

Jim was (haggledy-baggledy) as he was buying everything he could grab in the grocery store.

Handy-dandy

(now dialectal, England): a child’s game in which one child guesses in which closed hand another holds some small object.

Happy-clappy

Adjective: belonging to or characteristic of a Christian group whose worship is marked by enthusiastic participation.

He’s one of the happy-clappy lot.

Noun: a member of a Christian group whose worship is marked by enthusiastic participation.

Happy-clappies and traditionalists.

Harum-scarum

reckless, wild and thoughtless person.

Helter-skelter

haphazard or carelessly hurried, in disorderly haste (adjective); a high spiral slide, as at a fairground; disorder or haste. (Noun)

It was such a helter-skelter at the fair. (Noun)

The event was put together in a helter-skelter manner. (Adverb)

The helter-skelter arrangements of the mails confused the secretary. (Adjective)

Heebie-jeebies

(plural noun) nervousness: uncomfortable nervous or anxious feelings (slang)

There’s something about thick fog that gives me the heebie-jeebies.




Hocus-pocus and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Hickory-dickory

Action Rhyme reflected in the words of “Hickory, Dickory Dock” A nonsense poem which uses alliteration where children mimic the sound of a clock chiming at the relevant point in the song. Hickory, dickory dock is intended to introduce children to the fundamentals of telling the time.

Hiddy-giddy

Definition of higgledy-piggledy: in a confused, disordered, or random manner tiny hovels piled higgledy-piggledy against each other – Edward Behr. higgledy-piggledy

Higgledy-piggledy

Adjective: in utter confusion or complete disorder.

Highty-tighty

Same as hoity-toity

He had a highty-tighty way that repulsed me.

Hirdum-dirdum

Noun: Uproar, noisy mirth or revelry; tumult, brawling.

Adverb: Topsy-turvy

Hirdy-girdy

Variant of Scots hirdy-girdy uproar (1740–50), influenced by hurly-burly. Related forms hurdy-gurdist, hurdy-gurdyist, (noun)

Hob-job

Verb (intransitive) British dialect: to do casual work or various small unskilled jobs

Hob-nob

Verb (informal) mix socially, especially with those of perceived higher social status.

He was hobnobbing with the great and good.

Hobson-jobson

Assimilation of the sounds of a word or words foreign to a language into the sounds of a word or words coined or already existent in the language (as Spanish cucaracha has become English cockroach or as English riding coat has become French redingote). The law of Hobson-Jobson has played a great role in the evolution of surnames. R. F. Barton

Hocus-pocus

Trickery, deception, meaningless talk to draw away one’s attention from what is happening.

Hoddy-doddy

(dialectal, England): a garden snail; a snail shell

(archaic) a short and stout person; a henpecked man; cuckold; fool, blockhead, simpleton.

 

Higgledy-piggledy and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Hoddy-noddy

Noun: a fool, a simpleton, a noodle.

Hodge-podge

A jumbled mixture, mishmash, mélange, potpourri, assortment, medley, etc.

Hoi-polloi

(Often derogatory) the masses; common people, the general populace.

Hoity-toity – supercilious, arrogant and haughty.

We have had enough of her hoity-toity manner.

Hokee-pokee

A satanic ritual which requires one to put the right foot in and then the right foot out and shake it all about.

Teachers in schools perform satanic rituals by making students do the hokey-pokey.

Holus-bolus

Adverb: all at once.

Swallowing every proposal that is made holus-bolus.

Origin mid-19th century (originally dialect): pseudo-Latin for ‘whole bolus, whole lump’.

Hot-shot

An important or exceptionally able person.

He is their latest hotshot recruit.

Hot-pot

Noun: a casserole of meat and vegetables, typically with a topping of sliced potato.

Hotch-potch

Similar meaning with hodgepodge. It also refers to a thick soup or stew made from meat and vegetables.

Hotsy-totsy
Adjective: very pleasing or good.

Hotsy-totsy rhythms thrill the air.

US term for hoity-toity.

Hubble-bubble

A hookah.

Huff-duff

Noun: a method used by the Allies in World War II for locating enemy submarines and other naval or land targets through simultaneous bearings on their radio transmissions.

Hugger-mugger

Confusion, secrecy, (noun) with secrecy, in confusion, (adverb), to keep secret, to act secretly (verb).

Humpty-dumpty

A person with a short, round figure.

Hurdy-gurdy

Any mechanical musical instrument, such as a barrel organ; a medieval instrument shaped like a violin which a rosined wheel rotated by a handle sounds the strings.




Hob-nob and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Hurly-burly

Rough bustle of activities.

The scene at the market give a good picture of hurly-burly.

Hurry-burry

Same as hurly-burly (non-count noun): a very active or confused state or situation.

The hurly-burly of politics.

We left the hurly-burly of city life and moved to the countryside.

Hurry-scurry

Disorderly haste.

All was now hurry-scurry.

Adjective: hurry-scurry; Adverb: hurry-scurry

with hurry and confusion.

The mob fled hurry-scurry.

Hustle-bustle

Pushing and pressing, quick and energetic movements.

Jelly-belly

A type of jelly bean which is known for having unusual tastes, such as watermelon. Noun: A fat person.

Jiggery-pockery

Underhanded manipulation or dealings: trickery, dishonest or deceitful behaviour or business.

Keckle-meckle

Noun: in mining, lead-mines of the poorest kind.

 

Hugger mugger and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Kow-tow

Verb: act in an excessively subservient manner.

She didn’t have to kowtow to a boss.

Synonyms: grovel, behave obsequiously, be obsequious, be servile, be sycophantic, fawn on, bow and scrape, toady, truckle, abase oneself, humble oneself, prostrate oneself; curry favour with, flatter, court, woo, dance attendance on, make up to, play up to, ingratiate oneself with; informal: crawl, creep, suck up to, butter up, be all over, fall all over, lick someone’s boots.

Historical: kneel and touch the ground with the forehead in worship or submission as part of Chinese custom. Synonyms: prostrate oneself, bow, bow down before, genuflect, do/make obeisance, fall on one’s knees before, get down on one’s knees before, kneel before; salaam, throw oneself at someone’s feet, fall down before someone, curtsy, bow and scrape; pay homage, show reverence, show deference, humble oneself before someone, worship

They kowtow to her in awe and reverence.

Noun: an act of kowtowing as part of Chinese custom.

Lardy-dardy

Slang: languidly and affectedly dandyish. Adjective: Chiefly British Slang: characterized by excessive elegance; to be extremely elegant.

Man, that model is lardy dardy even though she is anorexic and her clothes are just hanging on her.

Lay-day

Noun: commerce. one of a certain number of days allowed by a charter party for loading or unloading a vessel without demurrage; Nautical. a day in which a vessel is delayed in port.




Lovey-dovey and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Light-tight

Adjective: not penetrable by light. Synonyms: lightproof, opaque, not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy; impenetrable to sight

In the lab, they placed sharks in small pools, each pool in a light-tight enclosure.

At the receiving end the drum is covered with photographic paper and enclosed in a light-tight box.

Lilly-pilly

Noun: an Australian evergreen tree of the myrtle family, with edible pink, purple, or white berries.

Loco-foco

A member of a radical group of New York Democrats organized in 1835 in opposition to the regular party organization; democrat.

Noun: cigar (more fully “loco-foco cigar”) or match (more fully “loco-foco match”) tipped with an inflammable substance ignitable on a roughened or specially prepared surface. Politics. Also, with capital initial. A member or supporter of a radical faction within the Democratic Party in the mid-1830s which advocated social justice and opposed vested interests, monopolies, and banks; (also) a member of the Democratic Party as a whole; (hence) an advocate of smilar radical principles.

Lovey-dovey

Adjective: very affectionate or romantic, especially excessively so.

A lovey-dovey couple.

May-day

Noun: 1 May, celebrated in many countries as a traditional springtime festival or as an international day honouring workers. (In the UK) a public holiday on the first Monday in May. Mayday: used as a distress call in international radio-telephone communications.

Miminy-piminy

Adjective: a variant of niminy-piminy; absurdly nice: ridiculously delicate

A miminy-piminy young man. Finical

 

Mumbo jumbo and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Mind-blind

People with Asperger’s syndrome (AS) – now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD) – are mindblind. Mind-blindness is a cognitive disorder where an individual is unable to attribute mental states to others. As a result of this kind of social and empathetic cognitive deficit, the individual is incapable in putting himself “into someone else’s shoes” and cannot conceptualise, understand or predict knowledge, thoughts and beliefs, emotions, feelings and desires, behaviour, actions and intentions of another person.

Mumble-jumble

Verb: (rare with object); to utter indistinctly and incoherently; to babble.

Mumbo-jumbo

Noun: language or ritual causing or intended to cause confusion or bewilderment.

A maze of legal mumbo jumbo.

Synonyms: nonsense, gibberish, claptrap, rubbish, balderdash, blather, blether; rigmarole; jargon, unintelligible language, obscure language, hocus-pocus; informal: gobbledegook, double Dutch, argle-bargle, bull

The instructions are complete mumbo jumbo.

Namby-pamby

Sentimental or prim in a weak insipid way.

I detest his namby-pamby manners

Clinging, feeble, or spineless

He is a namby-pamby child

Nay-say

Verb: say no to; deny or oppose.

I’m not going to naysay anything he does.

Neo-geo

Neo Geo is a family of video game hardware developed by SNK. On the market from 1990 to 2004, the brand originated with the release of an arcade system, the Neo Geo MVS and its home console counterpart, the Neo Geo AES.

Night-light

Noun: a lamp or candle providing a dim light during the night.




Nitty gritty and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Night-sight

Noun: the ability to see in reduced illumination (as in moonlight) night vision, scotopic vision, twilight vision, visual modality, visual sense, vision, sight -the ability to see; the visual faculty. Night vision is the ability to see in low-light conditions. Whether by biological or technological means, night vision is made possible by a combination of two approaches: sufficient spectral range, and sufficient intensity range.

Nilly-willy

By compulsion: without choice: in a haphazard or spontaneous manner. Similar to Willy-nilly (in a careless and unplanned way.

They decided willy-nilly to change the rules.

In a way that does not allow any choices or planning,

We are being forced willy-nilly to accept whatever the government decides.

Niminy-piminy

Affected, mincing, prim.

Nitty-gritty

The basic facts of a matter.

Non-con

Non-con refers to non-consensual sex in fanworks, particularly forcible seduction scenarios.

Pall-mall

Noun: a 16th- and 17th-century game in which a boxwood ball was driven through an iron ring suspended at the end of a long alley. The street Pall Mall in London was on the site of a pall-mall alley.

Pan-man

One who tends pans: a worker who loads cottonseed cakes into presses for extraction of oil. An operator of a machine that whirls candy in a pan (as of syrup or wax colouring matter) to give it a finishing coat or polish – called also glazer, grosser.

 

Payday and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Pay-day

Noun: a day on which someone is paid their wages; (informal) an amount of money won or available to be won, especially in a sporting contest.

The win landed him the biggest payday of his career.

Peepie-creepie

Noun: (US historical) a portable television camera used for close-up shots on location.

Pell-mell

Adverb: in a confused, rushed, or disorderly manner.

They rushed pell-mell up the hill.

Synonyms: helter-skelter, headlong, (at), full tilt, hotfoot, post-haste, hurriedly, hastily; wildly, impetuously, recklessly, rashly, precipitately, impulsively. (Informal) slap bang; (archaic) hurry-scurry

The sparrows fly pell-mell up the hedgerow.

In disorder, in confusion, in a muddle/jumble, in disarray, in a disorganised manner, untidily, in a mess, in a heap, anyhow; (informal) all over the place, every which way;

The words slipped pell-mell into one another.

Adjective: hasty or disorganized.

There are steps to slow the pell-mell pace of deforestation”

Noun: a disorderly situation or collection of things.

The pell-mell of ascending gables and roof tiles.

Piggly-wiggly

Piggly Wiggly is a supermarket chain operating in the Midwestern and Southern regions of the United States, run by Piggly Wiggly, LLC, an affiliate of C&S Wholesale Grocers; chain of self-service grocery stores, started 1916 in Memphis, Tennessee. According to founder’s reminiscence from 1921, an arbitrary coinage, simply “something different from anything used before”

Play-day

Noun: a day of play or diversion: an informal athletic competition between teams composed of players from several participating schools.




Humpty dumpty and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Play-way

This is a means of the subjective and emotional development of the child, that is, development in terms of intellect, skills and feelings. Play-way method is structured on activity-based learning. It encourages creative skills and self-expression. Playing is the predominant factor in this method.

Pot-shot

Noun: a shot aimed at a person or thing that happens to be within easy reach.

A sniper took a potshot at him.

A criticism, especially a random or unfounded one.

The show takes wickedly funny potshots at as many movies as it can muster.

Prime-time

Prime time for radio is called “Drive time” and, in Eastern and Pacific Time, is 6–10 a.m. and 3–7 p.m. and, for Mountain and Central Time, is 5–9 a.m. and 2–6 p.m. A survey by Nielsen revealed that viewers watched almost two hours’ worth of TV during prime time. The time period when the television or radio audience is the largest; also: television shows shown in prime time: the choicest or busiest time: big time;

A pitcher not yet ready for prime time.

Quavery-mavery

Quavery-mavery is an obsolete word meaning ‘in an uncertain or precarious condition; undecided’. Our earliest example is from 1809.

 

Hustle and bustle and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Rag-bag

Noun: a bag in which scraps of fabric and old clothes are kept for use; a miscellaneous collection of things.

A ragbag of reforms is now being discussed”

Synonyms: jumble, hotchpotch, hodgepodge, mishmash, mess, confusion, hash, pastiche, farrago; assortment, mixture, miscellany, medley, motley, motley collection, mixed bag, melange, mix, blend, variety, diversity, collection, selection, assemblage, combination, conglomeration, pot-pourri; mingle-mangle, gallimaufry, omnium gatherum, olio, salmagundi, macedoine, etc.

A ragbag of products of all shapes and sizes.

Rag-tag

Adjective: untidy, disorganized, or incongruously varied in character.

They are a ragtag group of idealists.

Noun: ragtag and bobtail – a disreputable or disorganized group of people.

The ragtag had been organized into some kind of marching order.

Raggle-taggle

Adjective: untidy and scruffy.

A raggle-taggle band of Gypsies.

Ram-jam

Ram Jam was an American rock band formed in New York City in 1977, predominantly known for their hit single “Black Betty” in 1977.

Ram-stam

Adverb: headlong; hastily

Adjective: headlong; precipitate

Ramble-scramble

Adjective: (North American) lacking a system; disordered, haphazard, confused. Origin: early 19th century; earliest use found in Richard Cobbold (1797–1877), novelist and Church of England clergyman. From ramble + scramble.

Ran-tan

A knocking, banging, or pounding noise.

There is no rest for Niagara, but perpetual ran-tan on those limestone rocks.

A riotous conduct: spree.




Hot pot and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Randy-dandy

A sexually excited man who puts great importance upon his looks. may refer to the shanty- randy dandy o’. Randy (adjective): sexually excited. Definition of randy: having a coarse manner, lustful, lecherous. Definition of dandy: a man who cares too much about his clothing and personal appearance; something that is very good or impressive; a very good example of something: Oh my, look at that randy-dandy!

Ranty-tanty

Adjective: very angry, wrathful; in a violent passion

Noun: a weed with reddish leaf which grows among corn – the broad-leaved dock.

Rat-bat

Noun: (Caribbean) a bat, especially a fruit bat. Origin: Mid-19th century; earliest use found in Philip Gosse (1810–1888), zoologist and religious writer.

Rat-tat

Noun: sound of knocking at door: the distinctive rhythmic pattern of short loud sounds made by somebody knocking at a door.

Interjection: imitation of knocking sound: an imitation of the sound of somebody knocking on a door.

Razzle-dazzle

Noun: informal: showiness, brilliance, or virtuosity in technique or effect, often without concomitant substance or worth; flashy theatricality:

The razzle-dazzle of the essay’s metaphors cannot disguise its shallowness of thought.

Chiefly Football. deceptive action typically consisting of a series of complex manoeuvres, as a double reverse or hand-off, usually executed in a flashy manner:

The team relies more on power and speed than razzle-dazzle.

Confusion, commotion, or riotous gaiety.

Rick-stick

A tool used when making haystacks or ricks.

 

Hotshot and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Rinky-dink

Adjective: out-of-date: broken down or no longer useful; old-fashioned or outmoded; small and insignificant.

Noun: inferior person or thing: something or somebody considered shoddy and inferior.

Roly-poly

Being short and pudgy; rotund; (informal) short and fat.

He is a roly-poly man.

(count, noncount) British: a sweet dough that is spread with jam, rolled up, and baked or steamed, called also roly-poly pudding.

Root-knot

Root-knot nematodes are plant-parasitic nematodes from the genus Meloidogyne. They exist in soil in areas with hot climates or short winters.

Rory-tory

Adjective: Originally English regional (south-western). Loud or gaudy in colour. Origin: Late 17th century (in an earlier sense). Probably either from roary + Tory or reduplication (with consonant variation) of roary, perhaps influenced by Tory.

Rubby-dubby

Uncountable: (Britain, dialect) chum thrown into the water to attract sharks.

Ruff-scuff

Rough-scuff a coarse fellow: the rabble.

Rum-tum

Noun: A light rowing boat used for racing on the Thames.

Rumble-jumble

A miscellaneous mass or mixture: jumble, hodgepodge

Rumble-tumble

A heavy coach or cart that moves with a deep rumbling sound.

Rumpy-pumpy

Noun: (informal) humorous: sexual relations, especially when of a casual nature.

TV’s obsession with rumpy-pumpy continues.

Sea-flea

Sea fleas are tiny carnivorous crustaceans. There are hundreds of recognised species, and they feed mostly on dead marine life such as fish, crabs, sea birds and even whales, but will nibble live human flesh if it’s convenient.




Super Duper and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Sea-pea

Noun: wild pea of seashores of north temperate zone having tough roots and purple flowers and useful as a sand binder

Seed-bed

Noun: a bed of fine soil in which seedlings are germinated.

Shag-rag

Noun: The unkempt and ragged part of the community.

a ragged or contemptible person. Ragtag: used in the phrase shagrag and bobtail

Sin-bin

The penalty box or sin bin (sometimes called the bad box, or simply bin or box) is the area in ice hockey, roller derby, rugby league, rugby union and some other sports where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty, for an offence not severe enough to merit outright expulsion from the contest.

Skid-lid

A motorcycle helmet, usually of the open faced half helmet style, as opposed to the more modern helmets with better coverage and protection. The original skid lids were actual military helmets and the style is still reminiscent of this.

Slapdash

Adjective: careless, hasty, and unskilful; (adverb) carelessly: in a careless, hasty, and unskilful way.

Slawsy-gawsy

Noun: a ludicrous term of endearment. (Scottish obsolete)

Slop-shop

Noun: a store at which cheap, ready-made clothing may be purchased.

 

Kowtow and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Smock-frock

A smock-frock or smock is an outer garment traditionally worn by rural workers, especially shepherds and waggoners, in parts of England and Wales from throughout the 18th century. Today, the word smock refers to a loose overgarment worn to protect one’s clothing, for instance by a painter.

The traditional smock-frock is made of heavy linen or wool and varies from thigh-length to mid-calf length. Characteristic features of the smock-frock are fullness across the back, breast, and sleeves folded into “tubes” (narrow unpressed pleats) held in place and decorated by smocking, a type of surface embroidery in a honeycomb pattern across the pleats that controls the fullness while allowing a degree of stretch.

Snap-cap

A snap cap is a device which is shaped like a standard firearm cartridge but contains no primer, propellant or projectile. It serves the same function as a dummy round, but different in that a dummy is usually made from a real cartridge with its propellant and primer removed (still has the projectile and the casing), while a snap cap is designed to be a fake cartridge from the very beginning.

Soogee-moogee

Noun: (uncountable) (nautical, slang, dated) A type of strong cleaning product for wood and paint on board a boat.

Stock-lock

Noun: a lock that is enclosed in a wooden case.




Hay day and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Stump-jump

Noun: (Australian) a plough designed for use on land not cleared of stumps the name ‘Stump Jump’ pays homage to a significant South Australian invention – the Stump Jump plough. As well as clearing the land around McLaren Vale, it was adopted worldwide in the late 19th century because of its ability to ride over stumps and gnarled roots, saving valuable time and energy.

Super-duper

Adjective: very good; marvellous.

It was a super-duper, plush touring bus.

Tag-rag

Noun. (uncountable) The lowest class of people; the rabble.

Tee-hee

Noun: a giggle or titter, especially a derisive one.

They won’t mind what I get up to. Tee-hee!

Verb: titter or giggle, especially derisively.

She tee-heed and swatted him with her fan.

Teeny-weeny

Adjective: very tiny.

Doesn’t he have a teeny-weeny twinge of conscience?

Extremely small; tiny.

Teensy-weensy

Same as teeny-weeny.

Tex-mex

Adjective: Tex-Mex; TexMex: (especially of cooking and music) having a blend of Mexican and southern American features originally characteristic of the border regions of Texas and Mexico.

Tex-Mex ingredients.

Noun: Tex-Mex; TexMex: Tex-Mex music or cooking.

It serves very decent Tex-Mex.

A variety of Mexican Spanish spoken in Texas.

 

Mayday and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Tirra-lirra

The note of a lark or robin or a sound resembling it; an imitation of a musical sound.

“Tirra lirra,” by the river. Sang Sir Lancelot.

Lancelot is singing a song as he trots along, and we get a little snatch of it, just the words “Tirra Lirra.” This may be a reference to Shakespeare’s The Winter’s Tale (Act 4, Scene 3) where one of the characters sings a song about “The lark, that tirra-lirra chants.”

Tit-bit

Noun: (tid-bits) a small piece of tasty food.

When you are out with your puppy always have a titbit in your pocket.

Synonyms: delicacy, tasty morsel, dainty, fancy, confection, bonne bouche, luxury, treat; snack, nibble, savoury, appetizer; (informal) goody, bite, little something; tidbit; (archaic) sweetmeat

When the puppy comes thttps://akademia.com.ng/synonyms-list/o you, reward it with a titbit.

A small and particularly interesting item of gossip or information.

They were hoping for titbits about the family.

Synonyms: piece of gossip, bit of scandal, juicy bit of gossip, juicy bit of news, scrap of information, morsel of information, item of information

I’ll tell you one titbit that should cheer you up.

To-fro

Adverb [before noun], adjective: in one direction and then in the opposite direction, a number of times:

She was gazing out the window, rocking rhythmically to and fro.

Tohu-bohu

Noun: a state of chaos; utter confusion.

It was a fearful tohubohu.

Tol-lol

Passable, tolerable, bearable, in fairly good health.




Night light and Rhyming Reduplications in English

Toodle-poodle

Kind of like awesome possum but as a way of saying goodbye. usually used with a waggle of fingers.

Tow-row

Adjective: intoxicated

Noun: an uproar, a hubbub, a noisy disturbance, a din, a racket, a grenadier

Verb: meaning to: go about in a noisy, disorderly manner; bustle about (originally dialect); beat severely (dialect); clean out; clear out dirty or disorderly places (dialect)

Toy-boy

Noun: a male lover who is much younger than his partner.

Trolly-lolly

Coarse lace once much in fashion.

Tuzzy-muzzy

Archaic: a garland of flowers: nosegay. Same as Tussie-mussie (noun)

a small bunch of flowers or herbs; a cone-shaped holder for a bouquet.

Twisty-wisty

Adjective: in a twisting or winding manner.

Walkie-talkie

A walkie-talkie (more formally known as a handheld transceiver, or HT) is a hand-held, portable, two-way radio transceiver. Its development during the Second World War has been variously credited to Donald L. Hings, radio engineer Alfred J. Gross, and engineering teams at Motorola. First used for infantry, similar designs were created for field artillery and tank units, and after the war, walkie-talkies spread to public safety and eventually commercial and jobsite work.

Wham-bam

Adjective: characterized by quick or violent action.

Hollywood wanted a wham-bam end to the plot.

Whipper-snapper

A charlatan, an impostor. A young person who annoys older people by being very confident and acting like someone important; somebody insignificant and outspoken: an impudent and unimportant person, especially somebody who is young

He is a young whippersnapper.

 

Willy nilly and Rhyming Reduplications in English

William-nilliam

This is a humorous version of willy-nilly. In early English ‘nill’ was the opposite of will a contraction of ‘ne will’. That is, ‘will’ meant to want to do something, ‘nill’ meant to want to avoid it. So, combining the willy – ‘I am willing’ and nilly – ‘I am unwilling’ expresses the idea that it doesn’t matter to me one way or the other.

Willy-nilly

of necessity, whether one wills or not.

Wing-ding

A noisy, wild, lively, or lavish party or festivity; (as modifier): a real wingding party. Psychology: a real or pretended fit or seizure.

Yaw-haw

Noun: a loud, coarse laugh.

Verb: to laugh loudly

Yoo-hoo

A chocolate flavoured soft drink popular in the mid twentieth century pronounced – ‘you who’. Yoo-hoo is an American brand of chocolate beverage that was developed in New Jersey in 1926; it is manufactured by Dr. Pepper Snapple Group.

Zed-bed

Noun: (British) an occasional bed that folds in the shape of a Z

The Z-bed we were given to stay on overnight had holes in it with stuffing falling out.

Zedbed was the first North American mattress manufacturer to make its own high-density, soy-based memory foam. Along with mattresses and pillows made with our exclusive foams, they offer a full line of sleep products, including adjustable beds, foundations, and headboards. All Zedbed products are fully manufactured and assembled at their facilities in Quebec.

Freezes and Reduplication in English (Meaning and Examples)

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