Hi dear reader, there are some of the punctuation marks in English we are yet to talk about; and one of them is the semicolon. So, this post focuses on the Semicolon – Definitions, Uses with Examples.
Semicolon – Definitions, Uses with Examples
We will attempt some definitions of the semicolon and consider its various uses with relevant examples. If you check out the post on the colon, you will see the comment of Cheryl Iverson who notes that there are three marks that are used to indicate a decided pause or break in thought. Guess what, the semicolon is one of them.
It should also be noted that there are sometimes confusions some users of English have when it comes to differentiating between the semicolon and the colon. This post will clarify the confusions.
What is a Semicolon?
The semicolon, also a mark of separation, is much stronger than a comma. It indicates a pause longer than a comma but shorter than a period. It has fewer uses than the comma (some scholars suggest two main uses) and often marks a separation between coordinate (equal) parts.
In another vein, we use the semicolon to separate two parts of a sentence that have a relationship to each other in terms of meaning when each part could stand alone as a sentence in its own right.
Uses of Semicolon
Let us see some of its uses…
Between Main Clauses Without a Conjunction
We use the semicolon to separate main clauses that coordinating conjunctions do not join together. Coordinating conjunctions are but, and, or. The following posts will tell you more about coordinating conjunctions:
- Subordination and Coordination in English
- Semantic Implication of Coordinators
- What is a Conjunction?
Let us consider some examples of where we use the semicolon to separate main clauses that coordinating conjunctions do not join together:
- The man bought a pair of shoes; presently he gave it out.
- To err is human; to forgive is divine.
- Man proposes; God disposes.
- He had many opportunities; he did not utilize them well.
- The rain is threatening; you should get going now.
- The building is chiefly a tourist attraction; it is rarely used as a church these days.
- I could tell that the child was very hungry; her voice was becoming weaker and weaker.
What this means in essence is that a semicolon can join two independent clauses together, making them one sentence,
You can check for more examples from the post I dedicated to Compound Sentence with Semicolons.
Separation of Items in Lists or Series
We use semicolons to separate items in series or lists which may also have other punctuation marks or commas. That is, separate parts of a complex list when it would be confusing to use commas for this purpose. Consider these illustrations:
- We invited Jack and Kate, who live next door; Maria, my sister-in-law; Tom, an old school friend of my husband’s; and some of our colleagues from work.
- The Cinema advertised the following movies: Black Panther; Enemy of the State; From Russia with Love; The Spy who Loves Me; Casino Royale; and Neighbours from Hell.
Between Main Clauses Linked with Conjunctive Adverb
- There is no proof that the disease is caused by agricultural use of this chemical; however, experts admit that there could be a link.
- The country did all it could to win the bid; moreover, the government gave its full support.
- He planned to come home early in order to see the game; consequently, he rushed up his work in the office.
- We cannot afford to fly to Lagos; therefore, we must brace up for the long trip.
Similar to commas, we sometimes use semicolons to break up a lengthy and complicated sentence, but for the purpose of clarity and disambiguation, it is often better and clearer to split such a sentence up into smaller units. In addition, note that we do not use a semicolon to introduce quotations. See more about this in the post on Quotation Marks.
I am sure you have learned a whole lot of useful information from this post, Semicolon – Definitions, Uses with Examples. There are other punctuation marks you need to learn about; do not deny yourself the opportunity of checking them out and sharing the useful items of information with others. Remember to connect us on our Social Media platforms. See you around.